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Escape javascript special characters compilation error using encodeURIComponent()

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[dropcap]E[/dropcap]very programming language has it’s special characters – characters that mean something special such as identifying a variable, the end of a line or a break in some data. JavaScript is no different, so it provides a number of functions that encode and decode special characters.

The encodeURIComponent() function encodes a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) component by replacing each instance of certain characters by one, two, three, or four escape sequences representing the UTF-8 encoding of the character (will only be four escape sequences for characters composed of two “surrogate” characters).

Syntax
encodeURIComponent(str);

encodeURIComponent escapes all characters except the following: alphabetic, decimal digits, – _ . ! ~ * ‘ ( )

To avoid unexpected requests to the server and escape Javascript special characters, you should call encodeURIComponent on any user-entered parameters that will be passed as part of a URI. For example, a user could type “Thyme &time=again” for a variable comment. Not using encodeURIComponent on this variable will give comment=Thyme%20&time=again. Note that the ampersand and the equal sign mark a new key and value pair. So instead of having a POST comment key equal to “Thyme &time=again”, you have two POST keys, one equal to “Thyme ” and another (time) equal to again.

The encodeURIComponent function is an extension of encodeURI, the difference being that it also escapes the following characters: , / ? : @ & = + $

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